Charminar



Charminar

Charminar (Telugu: చార్మినార్, Urdu: چارمینار), built in 1591 AD, is a landmark monument located in Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh, India. The English name is a transliteration and combination of the Urdu words Chār and Minar, translating to "Four Towers"; the eponymous towers are ornate minarets attached and supported by four grand arches.[1][2] The landmark has become a global icon of Hyderabad, listed among the most recognized structures of India.[3] The Charminar is on the east bank of Musi river.[4] To the northeast lies the Laad Bazaar and in the west end lies the granite-made richly ornamented Makkah Masjid.[1][2]

History

Sultan Muhammad Quli Qutb Shah, the fifth ruler of the Qutb Shahi dynasty built Charminar in 1591 AD,[5] shortly after he had shifted his capital from Golkonda to what is now known as Hyderabad.[6] He built this famous structure to commemorate the elimination of a plague epidemic from this city. He is said to have prayed for the end of a plague that was ravaging his city and vowed to build a masjid (Islamic mosque) at the very place where he was praying. In 1591 while laying the foundation of Charminar, Quli Qutb Shah prayed: "Oh Allah, bestow unto this city peace and prosperity. Let millions of men of all castes, creeds and religions make it their abode, like fish in the water.[citation needed]"

The mosque became popularly known as Charminar because of the two Urdu words char, meaning four, and minar, meaning tower, combined to form Charminar.[7]

It is said that, during the Mughal Governorship between Qutb Shahi and Asaf Jahi rule, the south western minaret "fell to pieces" after being struck by lightning and "was forthwith repaired" at a cost of Rs 60,000.[2] In 1824, the monument was replastered at a cost of Rs 100,000.

In its heyday, the Charminar market had some 15,000 shops. Today the famous markets known as Laad Baazar and Pather Gatti, near the Charminar, are a favour, of tourists and locals alike for jewellery, especially known for exquisite bangles and pearls respectively.

In 2007, Hyderabadi Muslims living in Pakistan constructed a small-scaled quasi replica of the Charminar at the main crossing of the Bahadurabad neighborhood in Karachi.[8]

[edit]Structure

The structure is made of granite, limestone, mortar and pulverised marble. Initially the monument with its four arches was so proportionately planned that when the fort was opened one could catch a glimpse of the bustling Hyderabad city as these Charminar arches were facing the most active royal ancestral streets. There is also a legend of an underground tunnel connecting the Golkonda to Charminar, possibly intended as an escape route for the Qutb Shahi rulers in case of a siege, though the location of the tunnel is unknown.[9]

The Charminar is a square edifice with each side 20 meters (approximately 66 feet) long, with four grand arches each facing a cardinal point that open into four streets. At each corner stands an exquisitely shaped minaret, 56 meters (approximately 184 feet) high with a double balcony. Each minaret is crowned by a bulbous dome with dainty petal like designs at the base.

A beautiful mosque is located at the western end of the open roof and the remaining part of the roof served as a court during the Qutb Shahi times.

There are 149 winding steps to reach the upper floor. Once atop, the solitude and serenity of the beautiful interior is refreshing. The space in the upper floor between the minarets was meant for Friday prayers. There are forty-five prayer spaces.[1]

Charminar has the signature style of Islamic architecture.[10] This great tribute to aesthetics looks sturdy and solid from a distance and, as one moves closer, it emerges as an elegant and romantic edifice proclaiming its architectural eminence in all its detail and dignity. Charminar looks equally spectacular at night when it is illuminated. Apart from being the core of the city’s cultural milieu, it has become a brand name.

Charminar is a beautiful and impressive square monument. Each of the corners has a tall, pointed minaret. These four gracefully carved minarets soar to 48.7 m above the ground, commanding the landscape for miles around. Each minaret has four stories, marked by a delicately carved ring. Unlike the Taj Mahal, Charminar's four fluted minarets are built into the main structure. The top floor, the highest point one can reach, provides a panoramic view of the city.[11]

The actual mosque occupies the top floor of the four-storey structure. Madame Blavatsky reports that each of the floors was meant for a separate branch of learning before the structure was transformed by the Imperial British administration into a warehouse for opium and liqueurs.[12]

A vault that appears from inside like a dome, supports two galleries within the Charminar, one over another, and above those a terrace that serves as a roof, bordered with a stone balcony. The main gallery has 45 covered prayer spaces with a large open space in front to accommodate more people for Friday prayers.

The monument overlooks another beautiful and grand mosque called Makkah Masjid.[13] The area surrounding Charminar is known by same name. A thriving market still lies around the Charminar, attracting people and merchandise of every description.

[edit]Tribute
An artistic monument of Charminar made of 50 kilograms of chocolate and taking three days of labor, was on display at The Westin, Hyderabad, India. Lindt chocolatier Adelbert Boucher created the scaled model of Charminar which was on display on September 25 and 26, 2010.[14]

[edit]Commercial Area

Charminar is famous for many things, which cater to all the needs of the people of Hyderabad. The area is famous for Laad Bazar which is very famous for the Bangles, also called "Chudiyaan", mainly worn by women. There is no place for Shopping like the surrounding Charminar Area, and the Traditional Food, like Biryani, Haleem, Mirchi ka salan, Double Ka Meetha etc..The area is also famous for its variety of shops mainly Laxmi Vishnu Jewellers for Gold Jewellery, Agra Mithai Bhandar for sweets and so on. During the season of Sankranthi, the area is completely crowded with vendors selling kites.

[edit]See also

Qutb Shahi dynasty
History of Hyderabad
Tourist attractions in Hyderabad
Hyderabad state
[edit]References

^ a b c d Charminar
^ a b Facts about Charminar: Hyderabad, as discussed in Britannica Compton's Encyclopedia Hyderabad: - Britannica Online Encyclopedia
^ Richard Goslan travels to India - Herald Scotland | Life & Style | Travel & Outdoors
^ Charminar (building, Hyderabad, India) - Britannica Online Encyclopedia
^ Year after repair, rain damages Charminar minaret - Indian Express
^ "Qutb Shahi Style (mainly in and around Hyderabad city)". AP Government. Retrieved 2010-05-16.
^ Rain damages Charminar minaret
^ M. Rafique Zakaria, Charminar in Karachi, Dawn, April 22, 2007
^ "Take a walk through history". The Hindu (Chennai, India). February 9, 2010.
^ "Heritage tag: Govt on a tightrope walk". The Times Of India. September 3, 2010.
^ http://www.dawn.com/weekly/dmag/archive/060730/dmag8.htm
^ [From the Caves and Jungles of Hindostan, H.P.Blavatsky. Urbana, Illinois (USA): Project Gutenberg. Etext #6687. 2004. p 265]
^ http://www.indianmuslims.info/news/2007/may/18/mecca_masjid_has_witnessed_protests_never_blast.html
^ [1], A Charminar to drool and eat.
[edit]External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Charminar
Photos of Charminar on HyderabadPlanet.com
Hyderabad on Wikitravel



Labels:
charminar
char minar
char minar history
char minar hyderabad
char minar hydrabad
char minar image
char minar images
char minar in hyderabad
char minar india
char minar photo
char minar photos
char minar wiki
history of char minar
about the taj mahal
historical information about taj mahal
historical monuments taj mahal
india s taj mahal
indian restaurant taj mahal
taj mahal
taj mahal built in
taj mahal cuisine of india
taj mahal hyderabad
taj mahal indian cuisine
taj mahal indian food
taj mahal indian restaurant
taj mahal taj mahal
adelaide indian restaurant
andhra restaurant
andhra restaurants in hyderabad
authentic indian restaurants
charminar restaurant
east india restaurant
east indian restaurant
east indian restaurants
finest indian restaurant
healthy indian restaurant
heritage india restaurant
heritage of india restaurant
history of restaurant in india
india india restaurant
indian food restaurant
indian food restaurants
indian restaurant guide
indian restaurant in city
indian restaurant in india
indian restaurant in the city
indian restaurant india
indian restaurant menu
indian restaurant near
indian restaurant near by
indian restaurant nearby
indian restaurant photos
indian restaurant serving
indian restaurant take away
indian restaurant takeaway
indian restaurant websites
indian restaurants city
indian restaurants in downtown
indian restaurants in hyderabad
indian restaurants in the city
indian restaurants india
indian restaurants menu
indian restaurants menus
indian restaurants near by
indian restaurants reviews
logo for indian restaurant
nearby indian restaurant
restaurant guide india
restaurant indian food
restaurants hyderabad india
restaurants in hyderabad india
romantic indian restaurants
search for indian restaurants
search indian restaurant
search indian restaurants
vegetarian indian restaurants
3 star hotels in hyderabad
budget hotels in hyderabad
charminar hotel
hotel hyderabad
hotel in hyderabad
hotels at hyderabad
hotels hyderabad
hotels hyderabad india
hotels in hyderabad
hotels in hyderabad city
hotels in hyderabad india
hotels in secunderabad
hotels near secunderabad railway station
hyderabad hotel
hyderabad hotels
hyderabad hotels list
luxury hotels hyderabad india
park hotel hyderabad
about charminar history
architecture of charminar
charminar aerocon panels
charminar architecture
charminar bangles
charminar bank
charminar built by
charminar city
charminar construction
charminar height
charminar history in english
charminar history in telugu
charminar hyderabad history
charminar hyderabad photos
charminar hyderabad shopping
charminar hyderabad timings
charminar hydrabad
charminar in hyderabad india
charminar indian
charminar logo
charminar menu
charminar monument
charminar old images
charminar old photo
charminar pedestrian project
charminar photos hyderabad
charminar route map
charminar temple
charminar train timings
charminar wallpaper
charminar wallpapers
charminar was built by
charminar wikipedia
construction of charminar
history charminar hyderabad
history of charminar hyderabad
history of charminar in hyderabad
history of charminar in telugu
hyd charminar
hyderabad charminar history
hyderabad charminar images
hyderabad charminar photos
hyderabad charminar shopping
india charminar
indian charminar
old charminar photos
old photos of charminar
photos of charminar hyderabad
pics of charminar
places near charminar
shopping in charminar
about hyderabad
about hyderabad city
about hyderabad history
ap tourism hyderabad
attractions in hyderabad
attractions of hyderabad
best deals in hyderabad
deals in hyderabad
famous monuments in hyderabad
food in hyderabad
historical monuments in hyderabad
historical monuments of hyderabad
history of hyderabad
history of hyderabad city
hyderabad attractions
hyderabad cities
hyderabad cities names
hyderabad city guide
hyderabad city information
hyderabad city photo
hyderabad city photos
hyderabad city sightseeing
hyderabad city video
hyderabad guide
hyderabad historical monuments
hyderabad historical places
hyderabad house
hyderabad images
hyderabad india photos
hyderabad indian
hyderabad monuments
hyderabad photos
hyderabad tourism
hyderabad tourism packages
hyderabad tourist places
hyderabad what to see
india ap hyderabad
indian city hyderabad
information about hyderabad
information about hyderabad city
information of hyderabad
information on hyderabad
information on hyderabad city
it city hyderabad
monument in hyderabad
monuments in hyderabad
old photographs of hyderabad
photo of hyderabad city
photos of hyderabad city
photos of hyderabad india
places of interest in hyderabad india
places to see in hyderabad city
places to see in hyderabad india
places to visit in hyderabad
sightseeing at hyderabad
sightseeing in hyderabad india
sightseeing near hyderabad
tourism in hyderabad
tourist places in hyderabad
what to see in hyderabad
about charminar
charminar at night
charminar express
charminar express route
charminar express timings
charminar gate
charminar history
charminar hyd
charminar hyderabad
charminar hyderabad india
charminar image
charminar images
charminar in hyderabad
charminar india
charminar information
charminar location
charminar map
charminar of hyderabad
charminar old photos
charminar photo
charminar photos
charminar pics
charminar picture
charminar pictures
charminar pincode
charminar shopping
charminar timings
charminar wiki
golconda fort
height of charminar
history of charminar
hyderabad charminar
hydrabad charminar
image of charminar
images of charminar
information about charminar
information of charminar
information on charminar
old charminar
photo of charminar
photos of charminar
picture of charminar
pictures of charminar
the charminar
www.charminar
www.charminar.com




Comments