Area: 14,240 sq.km
The Boundaries of Nalgonda district are Krishna and Khammam districts in the East, Mahaboobnagar and Hyderabad districts in the West, Mahabubnagar and Guntur districts in the South and Medak and Warangal districts in the North directions.
Rivers: Krishna, Musi, Dindi.
Major Places: Nalgonda, Miryalaguda, Suryapet, Kodad, Bhongir.
Nagarjuna Sagar Dam, Pillalamarri, Nandikonda, Panugallu, Nagarjunakonda, Nagarjunasagar - Srisailam Sanctuary, Bhongiri Fort, Rachakonda Fort, Wadapally, Gajulabanda, Phanigiri Buddhist sites and Pochampally textile center.
Sri Lakshmi Narasimha Swamy Temple at Yadagiri Gutta, Kolanpaka Jain temple, Mattapalle temple and Rachakonda temples.
Wooden crafts of Bhongir, Bross ware of Chanduru, Textiles of Koyyalagudem, Puttapaka and Pochampalli.
Deccan Cements, Nagarjuna Cements, Raasi Cements, Kakatiya Cements, Nizam Sugar factory
Earlier this place was called as Neelagiri which was under the rule of Sathavahana, Golkonda, Moghal and Nizam Kings.
Forest occupies an area of 44% of the total district area. The district is placed in Number one position in cement production in the State. Ingredients used in the cement manufacturing are surplus in most parts of the district. So as many major cement factories are holding their stake in this arena. Deccan Cements at Huzurnagar, Nagarjuna Cements at Ketupally, Raasi Cements near Miryalaguda, Kakatiya Cements at Kodada, are the major cement producing houses in the district as well as in the State.
Nizam Sugar factory situated at Miryalaguda is another major sugar factory in the state. Pochampally Handlooms have their special place in the Garments industry is a product of this district. Nagarjuna Sagar Dam , the biggest earth dam in the World is the chief irrigation and power source to the state. The other sources of water to this district are through Left Nagarjuna Canal, Asifnagar, Saligauravam and Dindi Projects. Degree Colleges are affiliated to Nagarjuna University of Guntur Dist.
Nalgonda is 103 kms from Hyderabad is well connected by road with important towns in the state.